An intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) occurs when blood leaks out of a small artery in the brain and pushes into the brain tissue. About 10 percent of strokes are caused by intracerebral hemorrhages. An ICH is most commonly caused by long-standing (but untreated) high blood pressure. Less common causes include arteriovenous malformations (AVM), aneurysms, tumors, traumatic brain injury, amyloid angiopathy or infection.
Bleeding in the brain is a very serious condition that must be treated immediately. Symptoms may come on very suddenly and can include:
If you experience the symptoms of an ICH, our team of cerebrovascular specialists will perform a rapid evaluation of your condition. We will use a variety of advanced imaging techniques to help determine the cause and location of the bleed. These tests may include:
UCLA is a comprehensive stroke center, which means you will receive the highest level of care when admitted through our emergency room or by direct transfer for treatment of an ICH. Your neurosurgical team will immediately focus on stabilizing your condition.
If we determine that surgery is appropriate, our surgeons specialize in minimally invasive techniques such as: