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Addressing Obesity in Early Care and Education Settings

About

Brief Summary

Childhood obesity is a national epidemic that disproportionately burdens low income and ethnic minority populations. By preschool, nearly one-third of low income children are already overweight or obese, setting the stage for adverse health outcomes over their life course. Evidence is mounting that individual-focused, single-component interventions fail to produce long-term population-level changes in obesity-related outcomes. Evidence increasingly supports creating entire environments (e.g., schools) in which the healthy choice is the default option.

The investigators will conduct a pragmatic cluster randomized trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a multilevel (organization, teacher, parent, child) intervention to support healthy eating and physical activity in preschools. The study is being conducted in partnership with Child Care Resource Center (CCRC), a non-profit organization dedicated to ensuring that all children receive high quality preschool experiences. The investigators will randomly assign 60 preschool sites (stratified by size), located in underserved areas of Los Angeles, to the intervention or a usual practice control conditions.

The investigators will evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention on child BMI z-scores (primary outcome) and parent-reported child nutrition and physical activity (secondary outcomes). The investigators will systematically examine the implementation process to understand factors that may facilitate or hinder intervention uptake and success. The findings from this work will be critical for informing future dissemination efforts.

Primary Purpose
Other
Study Type
Interventional
Phase
N/A

Eligibility

Gender
All
Healthy Volunteers
Yes
Minimum Age
30 Months
Maximum Age
N/A

Inclusion Criteria:

Preschool Sites:

  • Must be in CCRC network of preschools
  • Have 20 or more preschool aged children (2.5-5 years old) in attendance at site
  • Children must eat at least one meal on-site per school day
  • Must have at least one preschool classroom Providers (Teachers and Preschool Site Directors):
  • Teachers must teach a preschool class at participating preschool
  • Be able to provide informed consent Parents and Children:
  • Child must be 2.5-5 years old and enrolled in the participating preschool
  • Child primary caregiver must have at least one child 2.5-5 years old that is enrolled in the preschool
  • Child primary care giver must be able to read and write in English or Spanish

Exclusion Criteria:

Preschool Sites:

  • Have less than 20 preschool aged children (2.5-5 years old) enrolled.
  • Do not have a preschool classroom
  • Are not in the CCRC network
  • Preschools that are based in a family-home or serve special needs children exclusively
  • Children do not eat at least one meal on-site per school day Providers (Teachers and Preschool Site Directors): -Teachers not currently teaching a preschool class Parents and Children:
  • Child primary care giver unable to read or write in English or Spanish
  • Primary care giver who does not have a child currently enrolled in a preschool class

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Study Stats
Protocol No.
19-000570
Principal Investigator
Roshan Bastani
Contact
Alexandra Nordyke
For Providers
NCT No.
NCT04140032
For detailed technical eligibility, visit ClinicalTrials.gov.