Open Actively Recruiting

Clazakizumab for the Treatment of Chronic Active Antibody Mediated Rejection in Kidney Transplant Recipients


Brief Summary

This trial investigates the efficacy and safety of clazakizumab [an anti-interleukin (IL)-6 monoclonal antibody (mAb)] for the treatment of CABMR in recipients of a kidney transplant.

Primary Purpose
Study Type
Phase III


Healthy Volunteers
Minimum Age
18 Years
Maximum Age
75 Years
  • Inclusion criteria: 1. Age 18-75 years. 2. Living donor/deceased donor kidney transplant recipients ≥6 months from time of transplant. 3. Diagnosis of CABMR determined by kidney biopsy and the presence of HLA DSA using single-antigen bead-based assays. For eligibility, kidney biopsy must not be older than 12 months and DSA analysis must be performed no longer than 6 months prior to the start of Screening. NOTE: - Within 3 months prior to the start of Screening, treatments for ABMR or TCMR, with the exception of steroids*, are not allowed (see Exclusion Criterion 3). - If treatment for ABMR (including CABMR) or TCMR (other than steroids*) was given between 3 to 12 months of Screening, a repeat kidney biopsy and DSA analysis are required at least 6 weeks after the end of treatment to confirm continuing CABMR and presence of HLA DSA and to determine eligibility. * A maximum dose of 2g of methylprednisolone intravenously (or dose equivalent of other steroids), followed by a taper to the original maintenance steroid dose is allowed. The following histopathologic and serologic diagnostic criteria (based on Banff 2015 criteria [Loupy et al, 2017]) must be met for inclusion: 1. Morphologic evidence of chronic tissue injury, as demonstrated by transplant glomerulopathy (TG) (cg) > 0). Biopsies without evidence of chronic tissue injury on light microscopy, but with glomerular basement membrane double contours on electron microscopy (cg1a) are eligible. 2. Evidence of current/recent antibody interaction with vascular endothelium, including 1 or more of the following: i. Linear C4d staining in peritubular capillaries or medullary vasa recta (Banff scores C4d2 or C4d3 by immunofluorescence on frozen sections, or C4d > 0 by immunohistochemistry on paraffin sections). ii. At least moderate microvascular inflammation ([glomerulitis score, g + peritubular capillaritis score, ptc] ≥ 2) in the absence of recurrent or de novo glomerulonephritis, although in the presence of acute TCMR, borderline infiltrate, or infection, ptc ≥ 2 alone is not sufficient and g must be ≥ 1. NOTE: The local pathologist's diagnosis must be reviewed by a central pathologist to confirm eligibility for entry into the study. Biopsies with other histopathologic changes (eg, BKV nephropathy or recurrent glomerulonephritis) may be eligible if concurrent CABMR changes (as detailed above) are present and determined to be the predominant cause of renal dysfunction. c. Serologic evidence of circulating HLA DSA. NOTE: The local laboratory DSA results must be reviewed and confirmed by the central HLA reviewer during the screening period. 4. Written informed consent obtained from subject (or legally acceptable representative) before any trial-related procedures.
  • Exclusion criteria:
    • Multi-organ transplant recipient (except for simultaneous kidney-pancreas or previous multiple kidney transplants) or cell transplant (islet, bone marrow, stem cell) recipient.
    • Treatment for ABMR (including CABMR) or TCMR within 3 months prior to the start of screening with the exception of steroids.
    • Received T cell depleting agents (e.g., alemtuzumab, anti-thymocyte globulin) within 3 months prior to the start of screening.
    • Pregnant, breastfeeding, or unwillingness to practice adequate contraception.
    • Active tuberculosis (TB) or history of active TB.
    • History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or positive for HIV.
    • Seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
    • Hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA positive.

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Study Stats
Protocol No.
Immune System/Transplant Related Disorders
  • UCLA Westwood
For Providers
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