Hematuria is the presence of blood in urine. Healthy kidneys filter blood in such a way that blood does not spill over in the urine. But when kidneys do not function properly, blood can get filtered through into urine. Blood in urine when visible, is known as gross hematuria and when it ca be seen only under a microscope, it is known as microscopic hematuria. Presence of blood in urine should be concerning as it may be due to an underlying, undiagnosed condition.
Some of the causes of Hematuria are:
Signs and symptoms:
Hematuria can present with a variety of signs and symptoms. Some of them may include:
Diagnosis and treatment:
There are many tests that can detect and confirm the presence of blood in urine. They can be simple urine and blood tests or in more advanced case radiologic tests such as ultrasonography, CT scan, etc. to name a few. Treatment options also vary depending upon the underlying cause of blood in urine as hematuria in itself is not a disease but a result of an underlying condition.
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