The mentoring process helps individuals reflect on and learn from their current real-life experiences to gain real-life realizations. Its focus is junior faculty needs, issues, challenges, hopes and dreams, development goals and plans. Mentoring is a two-way street with mentors and mentees each having responsibilities. Some of these relationships will be short-lived while others may last for years. A mentor clarifies challenges, offers oversight, insight and expertise, provides conceptual frameworks, feedback, progress monitoring, opportunities to enhance professional or personal growth, and supportive follow-up.