(Abstract from PubMed)
"Previous studies have shown that miR-124 plays an important role in the development of auditory neurons, which are degenerated in the sensorineural hearing loss. However, whether the combined use of miR-124 and growth factors can increase the expression of neural related markers in human dental pulp stem cells has been remained unknown so far. In this study, human dental pulp stem cells were transfected with miR-124 following treatment with brain-derived neurotrophic factor or epidermal growth factor/basic fibroblast growth factor. The expression of some neural related markers (nestin, SOX2, β-tubulin III, MAP2, and peripherin) was analyzed in two groups by qRT-PCR or immunofluorescence. Cellular treatment resulted in morphological changes including neurosphere-like colonies formation. Nestin and SOX2 were up-regulated, and MAP2 and peripherin were down-regulated in dental pulp stem cells transfected by miR-124 following treatment with brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Replacement of brain-derived neurotrophic factor with epidermal growth factor/ basic fibroblast growth factor resulted in the up-regulation of nestin, MAP2, peripherin, and β-tubulin III and down-regulation of SOX2. The expression of SOX2 and nestin was also confirmed by immunofluorescence. The combination of miR-124 and growth factors would provide a promising starting point for upregulating the neural progenitor markers in human dental pulp stem cells."