(Abstract from PubMed)
"Background: Glioblastoma is the deadliest brain tumor in adults and the standard-of-care consists of surgery followed by radiation and treatment with temozolomide. Overall survival times for patients suffering from glioblastoma are unacceptably low indicating an unmet need for novel treatment options.
Methods: Using patient-derived HK-157, HK-308, HK-374, and HK-382 glioblastoma lines, the GL261 orthotopic mouse models of glioblastoma and HK-374 patient-derived orthotopic xenografts we tested the effect of radiation and the dopamine receptor antagonist quetiapine on glioblastoma self-renewal in vitro and survival in vivo. A possible resistance mechanism was investigated using RNA-Sequencing. The blood-brain-barrier-penetrating statin atorvastatin was used to overcome this resistance mechanism. All statistical tests were 2-sided.
Results: Treatment of glioma cells with the dopamine receptor antagonist quetiapine reduced glioma cell self-renewal in vitro and combined treatment of mice with quetiapine and radiation prolonged the survival of glioma-bearing mice. The combined treatment induced the expression of genes involved in cholesterol biosynthesis. This rendered GL261 and HK-374 orthotopic tumors vulnerable to simultaneous treatment with atorvastatin and further statistically significantly prolonged the survival of C57BL/6 (n = 10 to 16 mice per group; median survival not reached; Log-Rank test, p < 0.001) and NSG mice (n = 8 to 21 mice per group; hazard ratio = 3.96, 95% confidence interval = 0.29 to 12.40; Log-Rank test, p < 0.001), respectively.
Conclusions: Our results indicate promising therapeutic efficacy with the triple combination of quetiapine, atorvastatin and radiation treatment against glioblastoma without increasing the toxicity of radiation. With both drugs readily available for clinical use our study could be rapidly translated into a clinical trial."