In most cases, prostate cancer causes no symptoms. In rare cases, men may experience symptoms that could indicate more advanced prostate cancer including:
It is important to remember that these symptoms are usually NOT caused by prostate cancer, but only a physician can make that determination. This makes early detection and prostate cancer screening particularly important.
Certain men are at higher risk than others for prostate cancer, which may affect when they should start being screened. The risk increases with age, particularly after age 50. Some risk factors include:
Conversely, there may be measures to aid in the prevention of prostate cancer and that can reduce risk, including diets low in fat and high in fruits, vegetables and whole fibers. Foods with high amounts of the antioxidant lycopene – such as tomatoes, grapefruit, and watermelon – may help to lower the risk, as can regular exercise. 5 alpha reductase inhibitor medications can also reduce a person’s risk for developing low-risk prostate cancer. Other prevention strategies are currently being studied.