Kidney Cancer Symptoms and Risk Factors
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Symptoms of Kidney Cancer
When kidney tumors are small, they rarely cause visible signs or symptoms in its early stages. When tumors are large or in very advanced stages, the following symptoms may occur:
- Blood in the urine
- A lump in the abdomen
- Loss of appetite and/or unexpected weight loss
Incidence and Risk Factors of Kidney Cancer
Studies have shown that certain lifestyle, environmental and heredity factors increase the risk of developing renal tumors. Although we do not know all the causes of kidney cancer, the following factors may increase the risk of developing this disease:
- Age. The risk of kidney cancer significantly increases with age with the highest incidence between the ages of 55 and 84.
- Gender. Men are twice as likely to develop kidney cancer as women.
- Race. African Americans have a slightly higher risk than Caucasians.
- Smoking. Smokers are at greater risk than nonsmokers for developing kidney cancer.
- Obesity. Studies have found a strong link between excess weight and kidney cancer.
- High blood pressure (hypertension) increases the risk of kidney cancer.
- Kidney Disease and Dialysis. People who receive long-term dialysis for treatment of chronic kidney disease are at greater risk of developing kidney cancer.
- Heredity. There are over a dozen genetic conditions that can increase the risk of kidney cancer. The UCLA Kidney Cancer Program specializes in diagnopsis and management of these conditions.
Our Kidney Cancer Mission is You
Patient Story >
Unfortunately, cancer runs in Barbara Pytlewski’s family. Years ago, she and her brother learned they have Lynch syndrome, a hereditary condition associated with a high risk of developing colon cancer, as well as an increased likelihood of urinary tract, uterine and liver cancers.
Meet Our Doctors >
The Department of Urology at UCLA is one of the most progressive and comprehensive urology programs in the country. Our faculty members work side by side with research scientists for new cures and treatments for kidney cancer.
Make An Appointment >
Our goal is to provide you with fast, easy access to the physicians and services at UCLA. For assistance in determining which UCLA urologist(s) may have expertise to help you, please call the Urology Appointment phone number: (310) 794-7700