Recapturing Immune Tolerance to Pegloticase for the Management of Tophaceous Gout


Brief Summary

This safety and feasibility, open-label study of up to 9 subjects will examine a group of subjects with poorly controlled tophaceous gout (intolerant to or ineffective oral urate lowering agents and loss of prior Pegloticase response) pre-treated with Rituximab to recapture response to Methotrexate-Pegloticase.

Primary Purpose
Study Type
Phase 1


Healthy Volunteers
Minimum Age
18 Years
Maximum Age

Inclusion Criteria:

Eligible subjects must meet/provide all the following criteria:

  • Must be able to provide written informed consent.
  • Male or female ≥ 18 years of age at Baseline Visit.
  • Meets the American College of Rheumatology Classification Criteria for Gout.
  • Poorly controlled tophaceous gout, defined as meeting the following criteria:
    • Hyperuricemia during the screening period defined as serum urate ≥ 6 mg/dL.
    • Failure to maintain normalization of serum urate with xanthine oxidase inhibitors at the maximum medically appropriate dose, or with a contraindication to xanthine oxidase inhibitor therapy based on medical record review or subject interview, and;
    • Symptoms of gout including at least 1 of the following: i. Presence of at least one tophus. ii. Recurrent flares defined as 2 or more flares in the past 12 months prior to screening.
  • Prior discontinued use of Pegloticase due to failure (rising SU > 6 mg/dL or history of moderate to severe infusion reaction).
  • Normal Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase levels.
  • Willing to discontinue any oral urate lowering therapy for at least 7 days prior to first Pegloticase infusion and remain off therapy when receiving Pegloticase infusions.
  • Women of childbearing potential (including those with an onset of menopause <2 years prior to screening, non-therapy-induced amenorrhea for <12 months prior to screening, or not surgically sterile [absence of ovaries and/or uterus]) must have negative serum/urine pregnancy tests during Screening and Week 0; subjects must agree to use reliable form of contraception during the study. Hormonal contraception must be continued while on Methotrexate. Highly effective contraceptive methods (with a failure rate <1% per year), when used consistently and correctly, include implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some intrauterine devices, sexual abstinence, or vasectomized partner.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects will be ineligible for trial participation if they meet any of the following criteria:

  • Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (documented or tested at the Screening Visit).
  • Chronic renal impairment defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (epidermal growth factor receptor) < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 or currently on dialysis.
  • Non-compensated congestive heart failure (stage C) or hospitalization for congestive heart failure within 3 months of the Screening Visit, uncontrolled arrhythmia.
  • Treatment for acute coronary syndrome (myocardial infarction or unstable angina).
  • Uncontrolled blood pressure (>160/100 mmHg) prior to Rituximab infusion (week -6, week -4).
  • On treatment for current non-skin cell cancer.
  • Any serious acute bacterial infection, unless treated and completely resolved with antibiotics at least 2 weeks prior to the Week -6 Visit.
  • Severe chronic or recurrent bacterial infections, such as recurrent pneumonia or chronic bronchiectasis.
  • Anaphylaxis or other prior severe infusion reaction to Pegloticase that the study allergy-immunologist deems treatment with Pegloticase to be unsafe to rechallenge.
  • History of any transplant surgery requiring maintenance immunosuppressive therapy.
  • Known history of hepatitis B virus surface antigen positivity or hepatitis B DNA positivity.
  • Known history of hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (RNA) positivity.
  • Known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positivity.
  • Pregnant, planning to become pregnant, breastfeeding, or not on an effective form of birth control, as determined by the Investigator.
  • Contraindication to Methotrexate treatment or Methotrexate treatment considered inappropriate.
  • Known intolerance to steroids, such as:
    • History of steroid-induced Psychosis.
    • History or steroid-induced diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar.
  • Receipt of an investigational drug within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, prior to Methotrexate administration at Week -6 or plans to take an investigational drug during the study.
  • Liver transaminase levels (aspartate aminotransferase [AST] or alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) > twice upper limit of normal (ULN) at the Screening Visit).
  • Chronic liver disease.
  • White blood cell count < 3,500/µL, hematocrit < 28 percent, or platelet count < 75,000/µL.
  • Currently receiving systemic or radiologic treatment for ongoing cancer.
  • History of malignancy within 5 years other than non-melanoma skin cancer or in situ carcinoma of cervix.
  • Unsuitable candidate for the study, based on the opinion of the Investigator (e.g., cognitive impairment), such that participation might create undue risk to the subject or interfere with the subject's ability to comply with the protocol requirements or complete the study.
  • Alcohol use in excess of 1 alcoholic beverages per day.
  • Current pulmonary fibrosis, bronchiectasis, or interstitial pneumonitis. If deemed necessary by the Investigator, a chest X-ray may be performed during Screening.
  • Prior treatment with Rituximab (within 6 months) or Methotrexate (within 3 months).

Join this Trial

Enrolling by Invitation
These studies are not open to everyone who meets the eligibility criteria, but only to people in that particular population, who are specifically invited to participate.
Study Stats
Protocol No.
Autoimmune Disorders
John Fitzgerald
  • UCLA Westwood
For Providers
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