What is Acidosis?

Metabolic acidosis is a condition in which there is an excess of acid in the body. This can happen due to multiple reasons: Production of too much acid, inability to get rid of enough acid or insufficient amount of base to counter the acid. Kidneys play a vital role in maintaining a healthy balance between acids and bases in our body. They do this by getting rid of excess acid from our body through urine. When the kidneys do not function properly, there is a buildup of these acids leading to Metabolic Acidosis.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Long, deep breaths at a normal rate
  • Increased heart rate
  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Generalized weakness
  • Feeling tired
  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Decreased appetite


  • Loss of bone minerals (Osteoporosis)
  • Worsening of Kidney disease
  • Hypotension (Low Blood pressure)
  • Shock
  • Heart rhythm abnormalities (e.g. Ventricular arrhythmias)
  • Coma


  • Identifying and treating the cause
  • Sodium bicarbonate with caution

Disclaimer: The UCLA Health System cannot guarantee the accuracy of such information. The information is provided without warranty or guarantee of any kind. Please speak to your Physician before making any changes.