Alzheimer Disease

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 Alzheimer's Disease Overview

This is a degenerative disease that affects the brain.  It's the most common form of dementia.  It generally affects people aged 65 years or older.  But in a small percentage of people, it develops earlier.

Alzheimer’s Disease Causes

The cause of Alzheimer's disease is not fully understood.  It may develop because of several factors.  Genetics, lifestyle and environment may all play a role.  Alzheimer's causes changes within the brain.  There is an abnormal buildup of specific proteins.  and the brain shrinks.

Alzheimer’s Disease Symptoms

Alzheimer's is a progressive disease.  The earliest symptoms may go unnoticed.   

Early symptoms can include: 


  • Forgetfulness and mild confusion.   

  • The person may have trouble remembering recent conversations or familiar words.   

  • The person may forgetting the names of family members and close friends.   

  • Personal items may get lost, or kept in unusual places.   


As Alzheimer's progresses, thinking and reasoning may become difficult.  


Symptoms may now include: 


  •  Familiar tasks, such as driving and cooking, become harder and then impossible 

  • .  The person may need help getting dressed or using the toilet.   

  • Person may become depressed, anxious, and withdrawn.   

  • The person may become irritable and aggressive, with rapid mood swings.   

  • A person with Alzheimer's may experience delusions and may begin to wander. 

Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment

There is no cure for Alzheimer's, but medications can help slow its effect on the brain.  Supportive care, like from an Alzheimer’s neurologist is important for a person who has this disease.  A healthcare provider can help create a care plan that is right for your needs.

Best practices and emerging therapies for patients with Alzheimer’s Disease, 2015 (Mario Mendez)

Caregiver training: Hallucinations (2015)

Caregiver training: Refusal to Bathe (2015)

Caregiver training: Repetitive behaviors (2015)

Caregiver training: Repetitive questions (2015)

Caregiver training: Wandering (2015)

Caregiver training: Sundowning (2015)

Please see UCLA’s extensive video library relating to Alzheimer’s and Dementia. You will find videos in both English and Spanish, covering topics from caregiving at home, to traveling with a family member, to legal issues and choosing the right residential facility.