- How is my care coordinated between UCLA and my kidney doctor?
- What happens at the evaluation appointment?
- What are my transplant options?
- What if I'm a candidate for a kidney/pancreas transplant?
- How do I prepare for transplantation?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- Who will take care of my health needs after I leave the hospital?
Each end-stage renal disease patient is assigned a coordinator from the UCLA Kidney Transplant Program at the time of the initial evaluation. Transplant coordinators are nurses who will be responsible for the overall coordination of your transplant-related care at UCLA. The coordinator and the program physicians will maintain contact with your physician.
At the time of the evaluation appointment, the UCLA kidney transplant office may request the following information from the referring doctor:
- Full chemistry panel
- Complete blood count (CBC), differential, platelet count
- Hepatitis studies
- HIV screening
- Blood test for syphilis (VDRL)
- CMV titers, herpes simplex titers, EBV titers
- Urine culture with sensitivities
- Recent electrocardiogram (within 6 months)
- Chest x-ray
- Pap smear for women candidates
- Mammogram for women candidates
- PSA blood test for male candidates over age 50, to screen for prostate cancer
Additional tests that may be requested include:
- Renal ultrasound
- Liver ultrasound/gall bladder ultrasound
- Cardiac studies
An evaluation appointment can be scheduled by calling the Transplant Office at UCLA Medical Center at 310-825-6836. During the evaluation appointment, you will meet with the transplant nephrologist, surgeon, transplant coordinator and social worker.
A member of the transplant team will perform a complete history and physical, review previous test results and decide if any further tests are required. A team member will determine whether you are a candidate for surgery and address any issues that may affect the surgery itself. The transplant team will communicate with your kidney doctor, keep records up-to-date, and be your contact person to answer questions. Information about the transplant evaluation, listing process and waiting time periods will be provided by the transplant coordinator, as well as the options of living donor or cadaveric transplant. An assessment of your emotional well-being, transportation, housing and financial resources will be made by the social worker with involvement by the financial counselor, if necessary.
Also during this appointment, blood for tissue typing will be drawn. All other tests, including blood tests, will be arranged according to your provider policy. Potential kidney donors are encouraged to attend this appointment for information and to initiate the donation process.
Tests and examinations that will be performed at UCLA include:
- Transplant medical and surgical evaluation
- Psychosocial evaluation
- Blood typing
- Tissue type identification and antibody screening
- Tissue type identification, blood type identification, and crossmatch test of any potential donor
Following the evaluation appointment, each patient's case is presented at the weekly meeting of the UCLA Kidney Transplant Selection Committee, which is made up of all members of the renal transplant team. At this time, a determination is made if any other tests are required to ensure the patient's candidacy for transplant. Your coordinator at UCLA will notify you and your referring physician and/or nephrologist of the recommendation made by the transplant team. Upon completion of additional tests with satisfactory results, a patient is placed on the transplant waiting list.
The Pediatric and Adult Kidney Transplant Programs at UCLA offer both living-related and cadaver donor transplantation. If a patient is accepted as a transplant candidate at UCLA, the possibility of a living-donor transplant is explored and encouraged. With a living donor, a transplant can take place as soon as all tests are completed for the donor and recipient.
Patients who require cadaveric transplantation are placed on the national transplant waiting list. This list has over 60,000 potential recipients on it and is maintained by The United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS). When a kidney is available, the donor blood type and tissue type are entered into the UNOS computer. Once the best possible match is identified, the UCLA Transplant Center is notified. The average wait for potential transplant recipients who live in the Los Angeles area is five years. While on the waiting list, each patient's health status is followed closely. A monthly blood sample is sent by the dialysis unit and is held at UCLA so that it can be used to test whether the patient is compatible with potential donor kidneys. Close contact between your nephrologist, dialysis unit and UCLA coordinator is essential. Any hospitalizations, surgeries, tests, blood transfusions, infections or change in address and phone number should be related to your UCLA coordinator so records are up-to-date if a kidney becomes available. Each patient needs to schedule an appointment at UCLA every 12 months while on the waiting list.
Just like the kidney transplant patients, you will first schedule an evaluation appointment. At the time of the evaluation, the transplant nephrologist will recommend whether you are a candidate for a kidney/pancreas transplant. The work-up will be similar to that of a kidney transplant patient. In addition, you will be asked to return to UCLA for a follow-up evaluation by the pancreas surgeon. You will be assigned a specific kidney/pancreas transplant coordinator who will work with the team on your behalf.
While you are waiting for transplantation, make plans for what your needs will be following surgery. Transportation to clinic visits, assistance at home, and financial issues are the most common concerns. The transplant social worker has a wealth of information and resources available. In addition, keeping active, maintaining good nutrition, and stopping smoking are all important factors to keeping as healthy as you can.
Following a kidney transplant, the length of stay in the hospital is usually five to seven days, but can extend to several weeks in more complicated cases. You will be seen daily by the transplant team. Discharge planning is started at the time of admission by the social worker and coordinator with plans for care at home, transportation to clinic visits, and housing, if necessary. Education about all aspects of after-transplant care including medications, clinic visit schedule and daily activities will be provided by the transplant coordinator.
Follow-up at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center continues as long as the kidney continues to function. Initially, you will be seen several times a week. At about two months, you will be returned to your referring nephrologist. Periodic but less frequent visits to UCLA will continue over time. Your referring nephrologist and UCLA nephrologist will work together to provide your care.