Papers on inclusion of diverse and underrepresented people in neurosurgery/medicine

  1. Hayden Gephart M, Holly LT, Amin-Hanjani S, Zipfel GJ, Mack WJ, Tennekoon M, Korn S. Roadmap for Development of a Strong, Diverse Research Workforce in Neurosurgery. Neurosurgery. 2023 Sep 1;93(3):e53-e58. PMID: 37581448.
  2. Ong, Vera BS; Harary, Maya MD; Mozaffari, Khashayar BS; Mekonnen, Mahlet BS; Hwang, Leslie BS; Patel, Shravan BS; Mahgerefteh, Natalie BS; Nayeri, Diba BS§; Chandla, Anubhav BS; Duong, Courtney BS; Yang, Isaac MD,; Aghi, Manish K. MD, PhD, MAS. Gender-Based Disparities in Academic Productivity Arise During Neurosurgery Residency: A Systematic Review. Neurosurgery ():10.1227/neu.0000000000002547, June 7, 2023. DOI: 10.1227/neu.0000000000002547.
  3. Yang, I. Increasing Diversity in Neurosurgery. Op-Med - Doximity. 2023 May 15.
  4. Charles AJ, Seas A, Corley J, Duvall JB, Owolo E, Abu-Bonsrah N, Elsamadicy AA, Simpson V, Sanusi O, Holly LT, Rodriguez A, Nduom EK, Levi AD, Liau LM, Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Karikari I, Grant G, Fuller AT, Goodwin CR. Promoting diversity in neurosurgery through a virtual symposium. J Neurosurg. 2023 Mar 10:1-8. PMID: 36905659.
  5. Bath EP, Brown K, Harris C, Guerrero A, Kozman D, Flippen CC 2nd, Garraway I, Watson K, Holly L, Godoy SM, Norris K, Wyatt G. For us by us: Instituting mentorship models that credit minoritized medical faculty expertise and lived experience. Front Med (Lausanne). 2022 Oct 21;9:966193. PMCID: PMC9634999.
  6. Wang A, Shlobin NA, DiCesare JAT, Holly LT, Liau LM. Diversity in Neurosurgical Recruitment and Training in the United States: A Systematic Review. World Neurosurg. 2022 Jun;162:111-117.e1. PMID: 35339710.
  7. Wang A, Karunungan KL, Shlobin NA, DiCesare JAT, Holly LT. Diversity and inclusion in neurosurgery. Lancet Neurol. 2021 Jun;20(6):419-420. PMID: 34022163.
  8. Woodard J, Thum JA, Peeters S, Harary M, Liau LM. Being a Woman in a Male-Dominated Field. 2022 Feb.
  9. Air EL, Orrico KO, Benzil DL, Scarrow AM, Bean JR, Mazzola CA, Liau LM, Rutka JT, Muraszko KM. Developing a Professionalism and Harassment Policy for Organized Neurosurgery. Neurosurgery. 2021 Apr 15;88(5):1038-1039. PMID: 33755153; PMCID: PMC8046587.
  10. Air EL, Orrico KO, Benzil DL, Scarrow AM, Bean JR, Mazzola CA, Liau LM, Rutka JT, Muraszko KM. Developing a professionalism and harassment policy for organized neurosurgery. J Neurosurg. 2021 Mar 23;134(5):1355-1356. PMID: 33761456.
  11. Thum JA. Resiliency of a perpetual optimist: neurosurgeon Dr. Linda Liau. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E18. PMID: 33789235.
  12. Thum JA, Chang D, Tata N, Liau LM. Neurosurgeons in 2020: the impact of gender on neurosurgical training, family planning, and workplace culture. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E11. PMID: 33789233.
  13. Kondziolka D, Liau LM. Editorial. Sexual harassment in neurosurgery: #UsToo. J Neurosurg. 2020 Nov 10:1-3. PMID: 33171437.
  14. Udawatta M, Ong V, Duong C, Alkhalid Y, Nguyen T, Woodard J, Yang I. In Reply: Patient Satisfaction Ratings of Male and Female Residents Across Subspecialties. Neurosurgery. 2020 Sep 15;87(4):E530-E532. PMID: 32735674.
  15. Udawatta M, Alkhalid Y, Nguyen T, Ong V, Woodard J, Sheppard JP, Duong C, Iyengar S, Migdal CW, Mosley V, Yang I. Patient Satisfaction Ratings of Male and Female Residents Across Subspecialties. Neurosurgery. 2020 May 1;86(5):697-704. PMID: 31432073.
  16. Saravanapandian V, Sparck EM, Cheng KY, Yu F, Yaeger C, Hu T, Suthana N, Romero-Calderón R, Ghiani CA, Evans CJ, Carpenter EM, Ge W. Quantitative assessments reveal improved neuroscience engagement and learning through outreach. J Neurosci Res. 2019 Sep;97(9):1153-1162. PMID: 30985023.

Papers reporting race/ethnicity differences in results

  1. Letchuman V, He L, Mummaneni PV, Agarwal N, Campbell LJ, Shabani S, Chan AK, Abrecht CR, Miller C, Sankaran S, Rambachan A, Croci R, Berven SH, Chou D, Holly LT, Guan Z. Racial Differences in Postoperative Opioid Prescribing Practices in Spine Surgical Patients. Neurosurgery. 2023 Mar 1;92(3):490-496. PMID: 36700672.
  2. Holly LT, Ashley WW, Nduom EK, Pennicooke B, Spence CA, Welch BG. Letter to the Editor. Diversity-related studies in neurosurgery: concerns and suggestions. J Neurosurg Spine. 2022 May 6:1-2. PMID: 35523248.
  3. Fischer JT, Bickart KC, Giza CC, Babikian T. A review of family environment and neurobehavioral outcomes following pediatric traumatic brain injury: implications of early adverse experiences, family stress and limbic development. Biol Psychiatr, 2022 Mar 1;91(5):488-497. Epub 2021 Aug 24. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2021.08.012.
  4. Okubo Y, Fallah A, Hayakawa I, Handa A, Nariai H. Trends in hospitalization and readmission for pediatric epilepsy and underutilization of epilepsy surgery in the United States. Seizure. 2020 Aug;80:263-269. PMID: 32471799.
  5. Sheppard JP, Lagman C, Romiyo P, Nguyen T, Azzam D, Alkhalid Y, Duong C, Yang I. Racial Differences in Hospital Stays among Patients Undergoing Craniotomy for Tumour Resection at a Single Academic Hospital. Brain Tumor Res Treat. 2019 Oct;7(2):122-131. PMID: 31686443; PMCID: PMC6829091.
  6. Lagman C, Nagasawa DT, Mukherjee D, Patil CG, Duong DH, McBride DQ, Yang I. Hispanic and African American adult brain tumor patients treated at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center compared to Los Angeles County and Torrance, California. J Clin Neurosci. 2018 Mar;49:22-25. PMID: 29273423.
  7. Duong C, Nguyen T, Sheppard JP, Ong V, Chung LK, Nagasawa DT, Yang I. Genomic and Molecular Characterization of Brain Tumors in Asian and Non-Asian Patients of Los Angeles: A Single Institution Analysis. Brain Tumor Res Treat. 2017 Oct;5(2):64-69. PMID: 29188206; PMCID: PMC5700029.
  8. Shabihkhani M, Telesca D, Movassaghi M, Naeini YB, Naeini KM, Hojat SA, Gupta D, Lucey GM, Ontiveros M, Wang MW, Hanna LS, Sanchez DE, Mareninov S, Khanlou N, Vinters HV, Bergsneider M, Nghiemphu PL, Lai A, Liau LM, Cloughesy TF, Yong WH. Incidence, survival, pathology, and genetics of adult Latino Americans with glioblastoma. J Neurooncol. 2017 Apr;132(2):351-358. PMID: 28161760.

Papers reporting sex differences in results

  1. Krawczyk MC, Haney JR, Pan L, Caneda C, Khankan RR, Reyes SD, Chang JW, Morselli M, Vinters HV, Wang AC, Cobos I, Gandal MJ, Bergsneider M, Kim W, Liau LM, Yong W, Jalali A, Deneen B, Grant GA, Mathern GW, Fallah A, Zhang Y. Human Astrocytes Exhibit Tumor Microenvironment-, Age-, and Sex-Related Transcriptomic Signatures. J Neurosci. 2022 Feb 23;42(8):1587-1603. PMID: 34987109; PMCID: PMC8883850.
  2. Flores GR, Giza CC, Bates-Jensen B, Brecht, ML Wiley D. Soccer-related injuries utilization of U.S. emergency departments for concussions, intracranial injuries and other-injuries in a national representative probability sample: Nationwide Emergency Department Sample, 2010-2013. PLoSOne, 2021 Oct 12: 16(10):e0258345. PMCID: PMC8509888.
  3. Oughourlian TC, Wang C, Salamon N, Holly LT, Ellingson BM. Sex-Dependent Cortical Volume Changes in Patients with Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy. J Clin Med. 2021 Sep 1;10(17):3965. PMID: 34501413; PMCID: PMC8432178.
  4. Kamins J, Richards R, Locandro C, Barney B, Pacchia N, Cook L, Rivara F, Gioia G, Giza CC, Blume H. Evaluation of Post-Traumatic Headache Phenotype and Recovery Time after Youth Concussion. JAMA Netw Open 2021 Mar 1; 4(3):e211312PMCID: PMC7941198.  DOI: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1312
  5. Sheppard JP, Lagman C, Nguyen T, Yokoi H, Jeong SH, Luong P, Chen CHJ, Ong V, French A, Franks AM, Kwan I, Mekonnen M, Ng E, Evans A, Preet K, Udawatta M, Yang I. Analysis of academic publishing output among 1634 successful applicants in the 2011-2018 neurosurgery residency match. J Neurol Sci. 2021 Jan 15;420:117186. PMID: 33223149.
  6. Rosenbaum P, Locandro C, Chrisman S, Choe M, Pacchia C, Cook LJ, Rivara FP, Gioia GA, Giza CC. Characteristics of Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Recovery in a Concussion Clinic Population. JAMA Netw Open 2020 Nov 2;3(11):e2021463PMCID: PMC7670312 DOI: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.21463
  7. Nguyen T, Sheppard JP, Duong C, Ding K, Dejam D, Alkhalid Y, Romiyo P, Azzam D, Prashant G, Gopen Q, Yang I. Age and gender considerations on the symptomology in patients with superior semicircular canal dehiscence: A systematic review and case illustration. J Clin Neurosci. 2019 Jul;65:112-120. PMID: 31078378.
  8. Yoo F, Chan C, Kuan EC, Bergsneider M, Wang MB. Comparison of Male and Female Prolactinoma Patients Requiring Surgical Intervention. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2018 Aug;79(4):394-400. PMID: 30009121; PMCID: PMC6043172.
Animal studies
  1. Ferguson L, Giza CC, Serpa RO, Greco T, Robert H, Folkerts M, Prins ML. Sex Differences in Neurophysiological Changes Following Voluntary Exercise in Adolescent Rats. Front Neurol. 2021 Jul 22;12:685822. PMID: 34367052; PMCID: PMC8339288.
  2. Hoffman AN, Watson SL, Makridis AS, Patel AY, Gonzalez ST, Ferguson L, Giza CC, Fanselow MS. Sex Differences in Behavioral Sensitivities After Traumatic Brain Injury. Front Neurol. 2020 Nov 25;11:553190. PMID: 33324313; PMCID: PMC7724082.

Papers on underserved countries and global neurosurgery

  1. Lazareff J, Hoz SS, Ausman JI, Al Khalili AH, Ali Khonsary S, Epstein NE. Wanted: Volunteers to help people throughout the world. Surg Neurol Int. 2023 Feb 24;14:63. PMID: 36895222; PMCID: PMC9990799.
  2. Rallo MS, Strong MJ, Teton ZE, Murazsko K, Nanda A, Liau L, Rosseau G. Targeted Public Health Training for Neurosurgeons: An Essential Task for the Prioritization of Neurosurgery in the Evolving Global Health Landscape. Neurosurgery. 2023 Jan 1;92(1):10-17. PMID: 36519856.
  3. Ismail M, Al-Ageely TA, Abdualmurtafie ZI, Daily SK, Ayad F, Al Khafaji AO, Hoz SS, Al-Khalili AH, Lazareff JA, Arora T, Ausman JI. SNI/SNI Digital-Baghdad neurosurgery educational series. Surg Neurol Int. 2022 Oct 21;13:485. PMID: 36324925; PMCID: PMC9610129.
  4. Crevier-Sorbo G, Brunette-Clément T, Medawar E, Mathieu F, Morgan BR, Hachem LD, Dewan MC, Fallah A, Weil AG, Ibrahim GM. A needs assessment of pediatric epilepsy surgery in Haiti. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2020 Nov 27;27(2):189-195. PMID: 33254133.
  5. Guo JZ, Yao N, Bao N, Lazareff J. Effects of parental level of income and visual presentation of spina bifida occulta in decision making process. Surg Neurol Int. 2020 Sep 5;11:271. PMID: 33033633; PMCID: PMC7538964.
  6. Crevier-Sorbo G, Brunette-Clément T, Medawar E, Mathieu F, Morgan BR, Hachem L, Fallah A, Weil AG, Ibrahim GM. Assessment and treatment of childhood epilepsy in Haiti. Epilepsia Open. 2020 Mar 2;5(2):190-197. PMID: 32524044; PMCID: PMC7278551.
  7. Westwick HJ, Elkaim LM, Obaid S, Fallah A, Tu A, Ibrahim GM, Weil AG. Interest and participation in global neurosurgery: a survey of Canadian neurosurgery residents. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E21. PMID: 32114558.
  8. Mansouri A, Taslimi S, Abbasian A, Badhiwala JH, Akbar MA, Alotaibi NM, Almenawer SA, Weil AG, Fallah A, Carmant L, Ibrahim GM. Surgical outcomes for medically intractable epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Neurosurg. 2018 Nov 1:1-11. PMID: 30497170.
  9. Ashfaq A, Lazareff J. Language and style: A barrier to neurosurgical research and advancement in Latin America. Surg Neurol Int. 2017 Dec 27;8:308. PMCID: PMC5764921.
  10. Campion A, Lee C, Bao N, Lazareff J. A parental perspective concerning barriers to care for neural tube defects in China. Surg Neurol Int. 2017 Aug 22;8:195. PMID: 28904822; PMCID: PMC5590351.
  11. Punchak M, Lazareff JA. Cost-effectiveness of short-term neurosurgical missions relative to other surgical specialties. Surg Neurol Int. 2017 Mar 14;8:37. PMID: 28458951; PMCID: PMC5369257.

Papers considering age as a factor in the practice of neurosurgery

  1. Udawatta M, Ng E, Phillips HW, Chen JS, Wilson B, Prashant GN, Nagasawa DT, Yang I. Age-related differences in social media use in the neurosurgical community: A multi-institutional study. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2019 May;180:97-100. PMID: 30953974; PMCID: PMC6488041.
  2. Babu MA, Liau LM, Spinner RJ, Meyer FB. The Aging Neurosurgeon: When Is Enough, Enough? Attitudes Toward Ceasing Practice and Testing in Late Career. Mayo Clin Proc. 2017 Dec;92(12):1746-1752. PMID: 29153596.