Select Research and Publications
Dr. Isla Garraway received a Prostate Cancer Foundation 2022 Challenge Award. As Principal Investigator, Dr. Garraway will lead a multi-institutional team of researchers in understanding the factors that contribute to prostate cancer disparities.
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Urban heat islands, redlining and kidney stones The persistent rise in kidney stone prevalence in recent decades has prompted much speculation as to the causes. There has been some discussion about the effect of heat on nephrolithiasis. A review of recent data suggests that heat may play a role in stone formation on a large scale and among African-Americans in particular. A new UCLA-led study led by Dr. Kymora B. Scotland states that African-Americans are the race/ancestry group with faster rates of increasing incidence and prevalence of kidney stones. Researchers also found that urban heat islands in the United States have resulted in part from the effects of redlining, a practice of systematic segregation and racism in housing that led to the development of neighborhoods with substantial disparities in environmental conditions. Dr. Scotland and her team hypothesize that the increased temperatures experienced by residents in redlined communities, many of whom are African American may contribute to the 150% increase in the prevalence of kidney stones in African Americans in recent decades. Read the study in the January 1, 2023 issue of Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension.
Andre Belarmino, MD, UCLA Urology resident, has been awarded a grant from the Panacea Foundation, which seeks to strengthen the underrepresented ethnic and racial minority pipeline of physicians by providing support to physician trainees with a shared mission of improving the diversity of the medical field.
Dr. Desiree Sanchez, former UCLA Urology resident, is the first author on “Moving urologic disparities research from evidence synthesis to translational research: a dynamic, multidisciplinary approach to tackling inequalities in urology,” recently published in Urology. Read the article (PDF) >
The Distinct Impacts of Race and Genetic Ancestry on Health, Nature Medicine, May 2022
Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Prostate Cancer Outcomes in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System, JAMA Open Network, January 2022
Association of Health-Care System with Prostate Cancer-Specific Mortality in African American and Non-Hispanic White Men, Journal of the National Cancer Institute, April 2021