Effect of Antiretroviral Treatment Initiated During Acute HIV-1 Infection on Measures of HIV-1 Persistence and on HIV-1-Specific Immune Responses
This was a Phase II, prospective, open-label two-step study to measure the effects of early ART on the establishment of HIV-1 reservoir and HIV-1-specific immunity. Participants were enrolled if they fulfilled the inclusion criteria for acute HIV-1 infection (AHI) diagnosis within 7 days prior to entry and had an enrollment visit with the immediate initiation of ART. Plasma and serum samples for Fiebig staging were collected at the time of ART initiation.
Participants were followed for up to 216 weeks (72 weeks on Step 1 and 144 weeks on Step 2). Evaluations at weeks 2 and 8 on Step 1 were performed via telephone.
The study-provided regimen was single tablet regimen elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (EVG/COBI/FTC/TAF) or bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF). Other non-study-provided antiretroviral (ARV) regimens were also allowed for participants who were pregnant, breastfeeding, or unable/unwilling to take EVG/COBI/FTC/TAF or BIC/FTC/TAF, or for participants whose local health care/primary care provider preferred starting a different initial ARV regimen.
DURATION: January 2017 - Ongoing
STUDY TYPE: HIV Treatment
DESIGN: Non-randomized, parallel assigned, open-label, interventional study