An antibody test, otherwise known as a serology test, can detect if a person has had coronavirus before and has since recovered. It detects antibodies, which are proteins in the blood that fight-off infection. Antibody testing has a lot of promise because it will help us understand the pervasiveness of COVID-19 in our communities.
But, antibody testing shouldn’t be relied on for accurately predicting individual immunity. This means that even if you receive a positive antibody result, showing that COVID-19 antibodies were detected, you will not know with any certainty that you cannot get COVID-19 again. Everyone should continue to follow the recommendations on physical distancing and hygiene until scientists and doctors understand the disease better.
COVID-19 quick links:
Patient hotline 310-267-3300, Mon to Fri, 7 am to 7 pm
An antibody test is a blood test that looks for signs of a previous COVID-19 infection. A diagnostic test looks for signs of an active, current infection. The preferred diagnostic test is still a nasopharyngeal (through the nose) swab. This test can be performed at one of UCLA Health’s almost 30 test locations and sent to an UCLA in-house lab for testing.
A blood sample collected in a vial is sent to a lab where a test is run to look for the presence of antibodies in the blood serum. The presence of antibodies means that the body had an immune response to fight off a virus.
The common test that is used for serologic testing is called the ELISA test, for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Right now, antibody tests for COVID-19 return many false positive results. This means that even if the test returns a positive result, implying that someone has COVID-19 antibodies and already recovered from the coronavirus disease, that might not be the case.
Yes, UCLA Health has an antibody test available, but it must be ordered by a primary care physician. If you need to establish care with a primary care physician, we can help. Please call 310-825-2631 for a referral to one of our many primary care clinics across the region.
Antibody tests are recommended in the following cases:
The test is currently NOT offered:
The expected turnaround time is 24 to 48 hours.
The quickest answer is, we don’t know.
Right now, scientists do not fully understand how the presence of antibodies relates to immunity. They do not know if someone can be re-infected with COVID-19 if they already had the disease, or for how long potential immunity might last.
As more research on coronavirus and COVID-19 is conducted and the immune response to the disease is better understood, scientists and doctors will better understand the relationship between antibodies and immunity.
You should talk to your primary care physician about your concerns and let them know if you believe you were exposed to COVID-19. They will decide if an antibody test is appropriate given your specific case.
Please note that you must be asymptomatic at the time of the COVID-19 antibody test. In order to maximize the likelihood of accurate results, the test should be ordered at least 28 days after the onset of symptoms.
You can call your physician’s office or 310-825-2631 to set up a video visit or in-person appointment to discuss antibody testing.
Patients should check with their individual insurance plans. Patients may have to pay a deductible, so even if the test is covered, they may need to pay for the cost of the test.
The most important thing for patients to know is that while antibody tests can provide important information to researchers and groups making public health policies, they are not yet useful to the general public as a means of confirming a prior COVID-19 infection or providing information about immunity.
Because these tests are not perfect, it is important to continue to follow evidence-based steps regardless of antibody test results to prevent infection.
Go to uclaheath.org/coronavirus for all of the latest COVID-19 information or call our patient hotline Monday to Friday, 7am to 7pm at 310-267-3300. Calls received outside of business hours will be returned the following business day.
Here are some additional COVID-19 quick links: